10 Essential Makeup Brushes and How to Use Them

Makeup brushes are a necessary tool for every makeup lover. Whether you're a professional or a novice, there are some brushes you should have in your collection to help make makeup application a little bit easier. The right makeup brushes can offer professional-looking results, from a poreless complexion to a beautifully blended eyeshadow look. That said, with so many brushes on the market, knowing exactly which ones you need and how to use them can be confusing.

"When choosing your makeup brushes, you should always go with what feels good, followed by the application test," says celebrity makeup artist, Janice Daoud. "The application test will allow you to see how the color is picked up, deposited, and blended. If the bristles of the brushes do the job, then it's the right brush for you."

We know that it's easier said than done, though, especially considering the different types of shapes and styles of brushes one can buy. From big, fully round face brushes to detailed eye brushes, if you need help deciphering all of the available options out there, we've got you covered.
We spoke with celebrity makeup artists to learn all about the different makeup brushes, their functions, and which ones are an absolute necessity in your collection.

A Guide to Face Makeup Brushes:

Foundation makeup brush

Your foundation is the base of your makeup look, so investing in a high-quality brush that works with both liquid and powder formulas will be worthwhile. You'll want a soft brush that's a little bit dense and has enough surface area to cover the face. A foundation brush is a crucial brush everyone should have to help create everything from full-coverage to a natural no-makeup makeup look. The right foundation brush sets the tone for a healthy complexion.

Powder makeup brush

Whether you're a fan of translucent or colored-powder products, a powder brush is another must-have for your collection. The more fluffy, flexible, and soft the bristles are, the better it will be to blend and get a soft wash of color from any product.

Concealer makeup brush

Similar to a foundation brush, a concealer brush can help create the perfect base for the rest of your makeup. These brushes tend to be a little smaller to target and cover discoloration on areas, like under the eyes and around the mouth and nose.

Blush makeup brush

A blush brush is an important addition to any repertoire. You can use a blush brush for multiple purposes, including blush (of course) and other powder products, like bronzer and face powder. It's a versatile brush that helps distribute the product evenly and precisely because it's not as large as a powder brush.


Contour makeup brush

Contour brushes come in all different shapes and sizes. They're used for carving and sculpting the face to add dimension. You'll most commonly find angled contour brushes to help hug and sculpt the contours of the cheeks. These brushes are great for makeup lovers who feel comfortable with their application skills.

Highlight makeup brush

Highlighter brushes are best for those who are very makeup savvy and want every kind of brush in their collection. Typically, these brushes are small and tapered to help apply the product to the high points of your face. A rounded brush like this is beginner-friendly. Another type of highlighter brush you might encounter is a fan brush, which is great for dusting powder highlighter on the cheeks, bridge of the nose, and other high points on the face.

A Guide to Eye Makeup Brushes:

Eyeshadow crease brush

An eye makeup brush everyone should own, is an eyeshadow crease brush. These brushes are fluffy and tapered to get in the crease and add dimension to the eyes. Typically, you'll see beauty gurus applying a transition color with this brush if they're doing a bright or colorful eye look.

All-over-eyeshadow brush

A beginner-friendly eyeshadow brush is a rounded fluffy, all-over-eyeshadow brush, which does exactly as the name suggests. If you're still practicing how to blend and stick to one wash of color all over the lids, then this will be your go-to tool.

Short eyeshadow brush

The best and necessary eye makeup brushes are small eye-detailed brushes. A small shadow brush (also known as a smudger brush) can add a highlighter on the inner corners of the eyes, smoke out the lower lash line with eyeshadow, or define the edges of your eyes, she says.

Angled eyeliner brush

There are a variety of eyeliner brushes out there. An angled eyeliner brush is great for getting that sharp, winged eyeliner look. However, you can also find eyeliner brushes that are pointed, like a pencil, which beginners may find a little bit easier to use.

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